What determines the quality of cotton: Cotton Classification and How That Determines Its Use in the Supply Chain

Cotton Classification how that determines use in the supply chain

In a recent post “What Determines the Price of Cotton,” we discussed how cotton’s value or price is determined by a variety of factors, but perhaps most of all by how it’s graded according to USDA standards for classification.

The USDA uses standardized procedures for evaluating the physical attributes of raw cotton in order to provide buyers with a clear expectation of the quality of a specific bale of cotton for marketing and processing purposes. This process determines the value of a bale of cotton based on a set of predetermined criteria, such as fiber length, length uniformity, color, strength, micronaire, leaf grade, and extraneous matter. Continue reading

Economic Recap: 2018 Cotton Crop Outlook & Market Prices

Cotton Economic Report 2018 Q2 Recap

As is always the case with a natural product such as cotton, there are important times during the growing season that will determine the outcome of the crop. In many areas of the country, the blooms are on the plant, meaning that the cotton boll will soon appear. Some areas of the US are still looking for timely rainfall, while others only want good heat from the sun and very little rain. Clearly, the weather is out of our control, so let’s break down what the US crop is looking like as some areas of the country, such as the Corpus Christi area of Texas, are beginning the harvest, picking, ginning, and classing their cotton. Continue reading

Market Focus: the Trade War and the Global Cotton Market

Market Focus: the Trade War and the Global Cotton Market

How Will Tariffs Affect Cotton Worldwide?

In a recent piece for Cotton Incorporated, senior economist Jon Devine outlined the current supply and demand factors for the global cotton trade, defining qualities of multi-year markets.

Devine correctly notes that any discussion of the global cotton market, with regard to supply and demand, must start with China. China annually consumes 15 million more bales than the country’s cotton farmers produce, and while the government has bought extensive reserves in past years to make good on guaranteed price promises for Chinese farmers, demand for high-quality product for certain applications, such as American cotton, remains high. Continue reading

What Determines the Price of Cotton?

What Determines the Price of Cotton

At Barnhardt, you’d imagine people come to us with lots of questions about our favorite all-natural fiber, cotton. And you’d be right! One question we get quite a bit around here is, “What determines the price of cotton?”

There are actually several factors that influence the price of cotton, but it all boils down to market and quality. Continue reading

HyDri® Cotton: The Superior Choice for Carded Nonwovens

HyDri® Cotton: The Superior Choice for Carded Nonwovens

For more than 100 years, Barnhardt Manufacturing has brought cotton from the fields across America into households around the world through products that improve the quality of life. Using our proprietary purification process and experience, we produce a variety of cotton products that can be crafted into nonwoven substrates, adding value and performance to end use applications.    Continue reading

USDA Addresses Plastic Contamination in US Cotton

USDA Addresses Plastic Contamination in US Cotton

New Codes for Plastic found in Cotton Samples

Plastic contamination in US-grown cotton is a significant issue throughout the supply chain, and the USDA has taken an initial step aimed at addressing this problem. The agency is implementing a new pair of extraneous matter codes for levels of plastic contaminants found in cotton samples.  The USDA’s AMS Cotton and Tobacco Program is now enforcing codes 71 and 72 (as of July 1) as identifiers of plastic contamination, in line with other codes for seed (coat fragments), bark, grass, oil, and other materials. Continue reading